We present here the ten projects selected by our editorial committee of the Brazilian Journal of Sustainability, in this edition were selected articles presented at the 5th Brazilian Congress of Engineers Without Borders, held in 2018 at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. This publication was conducted by the Editor: Douglas Vieira Barboza, from Universidade Federal Fluminense and João Miller de Melo Henrique, from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Access the complete journal on the OJS platform by clicking here.

Selected Articles and Abstract:
1) AMANA: Seizing Rainwater

The problems related to water scarcity are spreading throughout the world, given the growing demand for this resource. Nevertheless, the uncontrolled use of this resource is common, which increases the instability of its availability. In Brazil, we have experienced a water crisis in the past few years, which has motivated the pursuit of innovative solutions that could overcome unfavorable situations.  Therefore, the rainwater harvesting project and the current AMANA project, of Engenheiros Sem Fronteiras (ESF), Viçosa Chapter, emerged, which is a low cost and high impact solution with great scalability potential and has been showing surprising results. The objective of this work is to show the results that have been achieved, also the next steps to be taken and our motivation. AMANA is a model for several other initiatives in the same direction, demonstrating the credibility and support given by the population to this initiative. Therefore, the AMANA project intends to become a reference in the ESF-Brazil network, impacting as many people as possible. Read more…

Keywords: Sustainability. Social Impact. Environment. Water resources.

2) Investigation of Pathological Manifestations in Buildings after Mining Activity in the City of CARAÚBAS – RN

The rock removal activity is one of the main links in the production chain of the mineral extraction activity, with direct influence on the loading, transportation and processing stages. The use of explosives in this activity, called rock removal, brings diverse impacts to the surrounding community, with particular importance when populations and their heritage are affected. These effects lead to the generation and propagation of vibration through the soil, which can lead to discomfort to the population and structural damage to buildings. In this context, the objective was to identify the main pathologies generated to the structures of the houses around the quarry, as well as to verify the radius of action of the vibration with the mining activity. To obtain the results of the research, questionnaires were applied to the population and to the quarry, seeking to relate pathologies presented in the sampled buildings, with the vibrations resulting from the dismantling of rock. In view of the above, it was found that the main pathologies presented are: masonry cracks and crevices, water reservoir cracks, and infiltrations. Through the vibration radius map, it was also verified that the shorter the distance between building and quarry, the more severe are the pathologies identified. Read more…
Keywords: Pathology. Edification. Quarry.

3) Integrate by Light: illumination of streets and public spaces using solar energy poles in Acaba Mundo community located in Belo Horizonte

The project aims to solve the lack of public lighting in several points of the city, reducing the feeling of insecurity of pedestrians and the abandonment of places, using solar energy poles. The intention is to bring more comfort and safety to the populations of underprivileged areas through clean, sustainable, and economic technology. The place where the first edition is being held in the Acaba Mundo Community, one of the oldest communities in Belo Horizonte that is home to over two thousand people. The lamp posts will be implanted in the street named “Monte Azul”, where many people need to transit every night without any public lighting point for dozens of meters. While the prototype of the photovoltaic pole is being developed and tested, community engagement actions have been carried out seeking to bring local residents closer to the organization’s objectives. The activities included environmental education, cultural and recreational activities, physical interventions, and a conversation wheel. The basic idea of the project is to make it replicable and expand to other locations, besides the work in the village being continuous, positively impacting more and more people. Read more…
Keywords: Lamppost. Photovoltaic. Solar. Lighting. Community.

4) Free Technical Support for Hypersufficiency People in the Process of Usucaption

The NGO Engenheiros Sem Fronteiras – Natal Chapter started its activities in 2013 and, in 2016, created the Project that receives the name of Public Defender because of the partnership signed between the NGO and the Public Defender of the State of Rio Grande do Norte. The purpose of this project is to provide technical support to hypo-sufficient people who are in the process of usucaption. The methodology follows the sequence of receiving the demand of the Office of the Public Defender from people to be benefited, organize the team that will carry out the technical visit, contact the Office of the Public Defender to transport the members to the site, survey (in loco measurements with tape and GPS), prepare the sketch and report and, finally, the emissions of the Technical Responsibility Signature – ART. This article aims to produce a survey of data regarding the projects developed so far by the NGO together with the Office of the Public Defender, as well as exemplify the flow of activities used by the team to deliver the project. The data collected reports that up to 2018, the NGO delivered 18 projects, with a total of 19 in progress, and 42 pending. Read more…
Keywords: Usucaption. Public Defender’s Office. NGO.





5) Popular Engineering in the Construction of Another Economy: Agroecological Experience of ESF-SP and MST

This work will present the Agroecological City project created in partnership with the São Paulo Metropolitan Area (RMSP) of the Landless Rural Workers’ Movement (MST) to contribute to the following general objective: to enable agroecological food production and marketing processes in the movement. It is proposed to foster the country-town approach between the rural settlement Sustainable Development Project (PDS) São Luiz (located in the green belt of the RMSP, in the peri-urban area of the city of Cajamar) and the Group of Responsible Consumption of the São Paulo State Architects Union (SASP’s GCR), in order to contribute to the food security of the population and promote sustainable rural territorial development. The results achieved so far show that the project has been able to consolidate a commercialization alternative that is able to distribute food without pesticides at an affordable price. It is also noted that consumer awareness and the transformation of their consumption practices are of great importance for the viability of this mode of marketing, which in turn illustrates the need for organized civil society to play the role it believes in. For this reason, the São Paulo chapter of Engenheiros Sem Fronteiras believes it is of great importance to building this project in partnership with the Landless Rural Workers’ Movement, which guides and practices agroecology as a mode of production to guarantee the food sovereignty of our population. Read more…
Keywords: Agroecology. Responsible Consumption. Popular Engineering. Food Sovereignty.

6) PROCAP: A Program Model that brings Viçosa closer to the Labor Market and Builds Bridges With The University

In the city of Viçosa, 34 out of every 100 people have a nominal monthly income per capita of less than half a minimum salary. Some alternatives for development and increasing family income are personal improvement (through courses, for example) and entrepreneurship. In 2016 PROCAP, a project of Viçosa Chapter, started its food processing classes in order to develop students who already have some experience in the area or who want to start a business. Since then, about 70 (seventy) students have been impacted directly, and it is intended to reach another 30 (thirty) by the end of the current edition. Ten classes are taught over a semester, scoring notions of good manufacturing practices, conservation, food processing of animal and vegetable origin, packaging and entrepreneurship. At the same time, the closing of the cycle is being planned, so that in addition to the format of classes already structured, there will be the impetus of students who are interested in continuing the project. This will be concluded by offering more specific training, producing food on a larger scale and selling it at trade fairs in the city of Viçosa, reinforcing the partnership with the city government. The objective of the project is to bring to the communities of interest technical classes on food processing, to encourage income generation through the knowledge acquired and to bring the Viçosa citizens closer to the academic community. Read more…
Keywords: Food Processing. Education. Entrepreneurship.

7) The ALAS Project (Application of Lean in Health Care) in the Pharmacy of Santa Casa de Limeira

The ALAS project -Application of Lean in Healthcare – envisages the application of the Lean philosophy and its tools in the pharmacy sector of Santa Casa de Limeira. The pharmacy is the place that receives, stores, and redistributes the medicines that are sent to the Hospital. LEAN is a set of practices and philosophies that consists in promoting the continuous reduction of waste. Several cycles are performed so that the positive and negative points are analyzed and improved at each cycle. Therefore, the project must analyze all the processes carried out in the pharmacy from the reception to the distribution to the other areas of the Santa Casa and try to organize them, with improvements. The project intends to make the Santa Casa Pharmacy more organized and to be able to make orders and transfers with less waiting time for the receiver, fewer order errors. This way, the Santa Casa benefits both the pharmacy and other sectors, and especially the population that uses the hospital. Read more…
Keywords: Lean. Health Care. Holy House. Pharmacy. Public Hospital.

8) The Experience of the Qualification and Professional Improvement Project (Second Edition) in Limeira-SP

PROCAP Limeira Second Edition was a project carried out by Engenheiros Sem Fronteiras – Limeira Chapter that impacted young people from CREAS (Specialized Social Assistance Reference Center) and State School Professor Paulo Chaves. The idea for this project came from the inspiration of the project developed by the chapter. During the Qualification and Professional Improvement Project, two 16-hour Scientific Diffusion Courses related to engineering contents were held. The first course focused on teaching young people about the contents of Applied Logistics and quality control. In the second course, whose theme was Labor Safety, a technical visit was made to a company in the interior of São Paulo to put into practice all the learning in the classroom. The structuring of the project involved the planning of classes, lectures, coffees, and didactic dynamics that allowed the participants to get closer to the university environment by encouraging them to continue their studies and enter the university. In addition, students in both courses received a certificate of participation from UNICAMP, which added value to their respective professional resumes. Read more…
Keywords: Education. Courses. Engineering. Volunteering.

9) Efficient School Project Applied in Two Institutions in Florianópolis

The Efficient School project aims to highlight the importance of interaction between human beings and the environment, and vice versa, working on issues such as fauna, flora, waste, and water. The themes fauna and flora were intended to work on the preservation of the environment, the importance of free animals in nature, reforestation, manipulation of vegetable gardens, etc. The waste theme aimed at recycling and disposal of the organic waste in composters, with the purpose of generating fertilizer for the gardens. Finally, the theme water was worked in order to raise awareness of the use of drinking water, is designed as a system for capturing rainwater, which will be assigned to the cleaning of patios and rooms. The presence of two exchange students, who worked on some of the topics discussed, is also noteworthy. The efficient school project was concluded in a satisfactory way, in order to amplify the knowledge of all those involved. The interaction with the community provided all the members of ESF – Florianópolis Chapter with an extraordinary experience, which touched hearts and showed the meaning of the phrase “Together we are stronger”. In addition, if the project had been financed it would have required more than R$ 1,000,000.00. Finally, this project impacted more than 800 people, among children, youth and adults, and their families. Read more…
Keywords: Environmental education. Fauna. Flora. Water. Residue.

10) The “Cisterns in Schools” Project at the Municipal Elementary School Desembargador Amorim Lima

This article describes the Cisterns in Schools project developed with 6th-grade students from Municipal Elementary School Desembargador Amorim Lima, located in the metropolitan region of São Paulo. With the aim of presenting theoretical themes seen in class in a practical way, 15 playful activities were developed and conducted, including games, presentation of mockups, conducting experiments, among others, to unfold the various concepts presented in the school’s study itinerary with the theme of water, and the development of an engineering project for a rainwater harvesting system, which was implemented at the end. With a storage capacity of 2,500l, the system was implemented after project elaboration by the students, and in parallel, by the volunteers from ESF -SP. With the purpose of cleaning the school premises, it is estimated that 86,400 l will be saved at the end of one year. Read more…
Keywords: Cistern. Rainwater. Integral Education.